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Morphogram® is a method devised by Dr. Paolo De Cristofaro. The software, developed by our research and development team after over 30 years of experience in clinical nutrition, studies and research, uses proprietary algorithms for the assessment of body composition, nutritional status and staging of cardio-metabolic-inflammatory risk factors. .
These algorithms have as scientific foundations the following publications:
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49) Perona JS, Schmidt Rio-Valle J, Ramirez-Vélez R et al. : Waist circumference and abdominal volume index are the strongest anthropometric discriminators of metabolic syndrome in Spanisc adolescents. European Journal of Clinical Investigation, 2018, Volume 49, Issue 3.
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51) Kwon H, Kim D, Sung kim J: Body fat distribution and the risk of incident metabolic syndrome: a longitudinal cohort study. Scientific Reports/7:10955/2017.
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53) Ramirez-Vélez R, Correa-Bautista J E, Anders-Tordecilla A et al.: Percentage of body fat and fat mass index as a screening tool for metabolic syndrome prediction in Colombian university students. Nutrients 2017, 9, 1009.
54) Freedland E S: role of critical visceral adipose tissue threshold (CVATT) in metabolic syndrome: implication for controlling dietary carbohydrates: a review. Nutrition & Metabolism December 2004.
55) World Health Organization. Physical status: the use and interpretation of anthropometry. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1995.
56) Gadelha AB, Myers J, Moreira S et al.: Comparison of adiposity indices and cut-off values in the prediction of metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women.Diabetes Metab Syndr 2016;10(3):143-8.
57) Pinnick KE, Nicholson G, Manolopoulos KN et al.: Distinct developmental profile of lower-body adipose tissue defines resistance against obesity-associated metabolic complication. Diabetes.2014,63(11):3785-97.
58) Snijder MB, Dekker GM, Visser M et al.: Associations of hip and thigh circumferences independent of waist circumference with the incidence of type 2 diabetes: the Hoorn Study. Am J Clin Nutr 2003;77:1192-7.
59) Piers LS, Soares Mj Frandsen SL, O’Dea K: Indirect of body composition are useful for groups but unrealiable in individuals. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2000;24:1145-1152.
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61) Iannella P: Evaluation of adiposity in obese people: the attendibility of predictive equations using simple anthropometric measures. Trends Med 2012;12(1):13-20.
62) LL-Y Lim, Sam-ang Seubsman, A Sleigh, C Bain: Validity of self-reported abdominal obesity in Thai adults: A comparison of waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-stature ratio. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis, 2012; 22(1):42-9.
63) Shankuan Zhu et al.: Combination of BMI and waist circumference for identifying cardiovascular risk factors in whites. Res Obes, 2004;12(4):633-45.
64) De Koning et al.: Waist circumference and waist-to hip ratio as predictors of cardiovascular events: meta-regression analysis of prospective studies. Eur Heart J, 2007;28 (7): 850-6.
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67) Bays HE, Gonzalez- Campoy JM, Bray GA et al.: Pathogenic potential of adipose tissue and metabolic consequences of adipocyte hypertrophy and increased visceral adiposity. Expert Rev. Cardiovasc. Ther 2008;6:343-368.
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82)Pieterse S, Manandhar M, Ismail S: The association between nutritional status and handgrip strenght in older Rwandan refugees. Eur J Clin Nutr; 56:933-9, 2002.
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